TITLE IV: CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEES
CHAPTER I: Habeas Corpus, Habeas Data and Amparo
The State recognizes the guarantee of habeas corpus or personal appearance and of
habeas data. Consequently, in habeas corpus or personal appearance, every
aggrieved person, or any other in his behalf, has the right to file the petition; and in
habeas data only may the person whose personal or familiar information are in
archives, public or private registries in the following manner:
1. Habeas Corpus or Personal Appearance
a. When he is illegally imprisoned, detained or restrained in any way in
the enjoyment of his freedom; and
b. When during his lawful imprisonment or detention, the imprisoned or
detained person is subjected to torment, torture, harassment, illegal
demands, or any other coercion or molestation that is unnecessary for
his personal safety or for the order of the prison.
2. Habeas Data
All persons have the right to access information about themselves or their
property that is already contained in databases, public or private registries
in an expedited and non-onerous manner, and in cases where it is necessary
to access, correct, or remove it. This may not affect the privacy of
journalistic information sources.
A writ of habeas corpus or habeas data may be filed without requiring any special
power or any formality, either orally or in writing, using any means of
communication, at any time during working or nonworking days and free of charge.
Only the constitutional chamber of the Supreme Court of Justice may take
cognizance of the protections of habeas data; it has the unavoidable obligation of
proceeding immediately to stop any violation of the rights of honor, personal or
familiar privacy, a one’s own image.
The authorities of courts may not dismiss a petition for a writ of habeas corpus or
personal appearance and additionally have the inescapable duty of proceeding
immediately to put an end to the violation of one's personal liberty or personal
In both cases, the authorities of the courts that fail to admit these constitutional
petitions shall incur the corresponding criminal and administrative liability.
Authorities that order and agents who undertake the concealment of the detained
person, or who in any other way violate this guarantee shall be guilty of the offense
of illegal detention.
1. In respect of an investigation under this Statute, a person:
(d) Shall not be subjected to arbitrary arrest or detention, and shall not be deprived of his or her liberty except on such grounds and in accordance with such procedures as are established in this Statute.
2. In imposing a sentence of imprisonment, the Court shall deduct the time, if any, previously spent in detention in accordance with an order of the Court. The Court may deduct any time otherwise spent in detention in connection with conduct underlying the crime.
(c) A person being transported shall be detained in custody during the period of transit;
1. In urgent cases, the Court may request the provisional arrest of the person sought, pending presentation of the request for surrender and the documents supporting the request as specified in article 91.
1. The enforcement of a sentence of imprisonment shall be subject to the supervision of the Court and shall be consistent with widely accepted international treaty standards governing treatment of prisoners.
2. The conditions of imprisonment shall be governed by the law of the State of enforcement and shall be consistent with widely accepted international treaty standards governing treatment of prisoners; in no case shall such conditions be more or less favourable than those available to prisoners convicted of similar offences in the State of enforcement.
3. Communications between a sentenced person and the Court shall be unimpeded and confidential.