Enforcement of sentences imposed


Greece - Adaptation of internal law to ICC Statute 2011 EN



Art. 31 Enforcement of sentences

1. In case that the ICC, according to art. 103 of its Statute, designates that a custodial
sentence shall be served in Greece, the Secretary of State for Justice, Transparency and Human Rights shall forward the case file to the Prosecutor of the Athens Appeals Court, who shall introduce the case to the Appeals Court (Chamber of 3 Members) for recognition and adjustment of the sentence imposed.

2. The Athens Appeals Court (Chamber of 3 Members) shall recognize the decision of the
ICC and order the execution of the custodial sentence imposed, with the following adjustments;
(a) A term of imprisonment of equal duration, in case the imposed sentence does not exceed 5 years in duration,
(b) A term of incarceration (temporary or for life), in case of heavier penalties imposed.

3. The sentence of temporary incarceration shall, in any case, not exceed 25 years in

4. The Athens Appeals Court (Chamber of 3 Members) shall recognize and order the
execution of fines and forfeiture measures, as well as the compensation awarded to the victim, by adjusting them to the provisions of Greek legislation.

5. Sentences shall be enforced according to the provisions of the Greek legislation, under
the supervision of the ICC, as stipulated in art 106 and 110 of the ICC Statute.

6. A convicted person whose sentence is enforced in Greece, shall not be subject to
prosecution or punishment or to extradition to a third State for any conduct engaged in prior to that person's delivery to the State of enforcement, unless such prosecution, punishment or extradition has been approved by the Court at the request of the Hellenic Republic, according to art. 108 of the ICC Statute.

7. Communication between the sentenced person and the ICC shall be unimpeded and

Art. 32

The enforcement of the provisions of the present Act should never lead to the violation of fundamental rights and principles recognized and protected by the Constitution, the European Convention on Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

Rome Statute

Article 103 Role of States in enforcement of sentences of imprisonment


(a) A sentence of imprisonment shall be served in a State designated by the Court from a list of States which have indicated to the Court their willingness to accept sentenced persons.

(b) At the time of declaring its willingness to accept sentenced persons, a State may attach conditions to its acceptance as agreed by the Court and in accordance with this Part.

(c) A State designated in a particular case shall promptly inform the Court whether it accepts the Court's designation.


(a) The State of enforcement shall notify the Court of any circumstances, including the exercise of any conditions agreed under paragraph 1, which could materially affect the terms or extent of the imprisonment. The Court shall be given at least 45 days' notice of any such known or foreseeable circumstances. During this period, the State of enforcement shall take no action that might prejudice its obligations under article 110.

(b) Where the Court cannot agree to the circumstances referred to in subparagraph (a), it shall notify the State of enforcement and proceed in accordance with article 104, paragraph 1.

3. In exercising its discretion to make a designation under paragraph 1, the Court shall take into account the following:

(a) The principle that States Parties should share the responsibility for enforcing sentences of imprisonment, in accordance with principles of equitable distribution, as provided in the Rules of Procedure and Evidence;

(b) The application of widely accepted international treaty standards governing the treatment of prisoners;

(c) The views of the sentenced person;

(d) The nationality of the sentenced person;

(e) Such other factors regarding the circumstances of the crime or the person sentenced, or the effective enforcement of the sentence, as may be appropriate in designating the State of enforcement.

4. If no State is designated under paragraph 1, the sentence of imprisonment shall be served in a prison facility made available by the host State, in accordance with the conditions set out in the headquarters agreement referred to in article 3, paragraph 2. In such a case, the costs arising out of the enforcement of a sentence of imprisonment shall be borne by the Court.

Article 104 Change in designation of State of enforcement

1. The Court may, at any time, decide to transfer a sentenced person to a prison of another State.

2. A sentenced person may, at any time, apply to the Court to be transferred from the State of enforcement.

Article 105 Enforcement of the sentence

1. Subject to conditions which a State may have specified in accordance with article 103, paragraph 1 (b), the sentence of imprisonment shall be binding on the States Parties, which shall in no case modify it.

2. The Court alone shall have the right to decide any application for appeal and revision. The State of enforcement shall not impede the making of any such application by a sentenced person.

Article 106 Supervision of enforcement of sentences and conditions of imprisonment

1. The enforcement of a sentence of imprisonment shall be subject to the supervision of the Court and shall be consistent with widely accepted international treaty standards governing treatment of prisoners.

2. The conditions of imprisonment shall be governed by the law of the State of enforcement and shall be consistent with widely accepted international treaty standards governing treatment of prisoners; in no case shall such conditions be more or less favourable than those available to prisoners convicted of similar offences in the State of enforcement.

3. Communications between a sentenced person and the Court shall be unimpeded and confidential.

Article 109 Enforcement of fines and forfeiture measures

1. States Parties shall give effect to fines or forfeitures ordered by the Court under Part 7, without prejudice to the rights of bona fide third parties, and in accordance with the procedure of their national law.

2. If a State Party is unable to give effect to an order for forfeiture, it shall take measures to recover the value of the proceeds, property or assets ordered by the Court to be forfeited, without prejudice to the rights of bona fide third parties.

3. Property, or the proceeds of the sale of real property or, where appropriate, the sale of other property, which is obtained by a State Party as a result of its enforcement of a judgement of the Court shall be transferred to the Court.