PROCEDURE FOR INTERNATIONAL LEGAL ASSISTANCE AND ENFORCEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL TREATIES IN CRIMINAL MATTERS
Provisions governing international legal assistance
(1) International legal assistance shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of international treaties.
(2) If there is no international treaty or an international treaty does not regulate certain issues, the international criminal/legal assistance shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of the present Code.
Substance of international legal assistance in criminal matters
International legal assistance shall particularly include execution of certain evidentiary and other procedural actions such as interrogation of the defendant, witnesses or expert witnesses, crime scene investigation, search of dwellings or persons, seizure of objects, as well as handing over of files, documents and other objects in connection with preliminary criminal proceedings in the requesting state.
Letters rogatory from the local courts and prosecutor’s offices and jurisdiction
for providing international legal assistance
(1) Letters rogatory of the domestic courts and Public Prosecutors on legal assistance in preliminary and trial proceedings shall be delivered to foreign authorities through an authority determined by a special regulation. The same channels shall be used for delivering the letters rogatory of the foreign authorities to the domestic courts.
(2) In case of urgency, if reciprocity exists, letters rogatory may be delivered through the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
(3) By a special act, it shall be determined which courts shall have jurisdiction to execute requests for legal assistance in criminal matters or a certain court may be designated to deal with these matters for all courts from a particular territory.
Forwarding of letter rogatory to the competent court and deciding on
admissibility and the manner of execution of requested action
(1) The authority determined by a special regulation shall transmit letters rogatory of a foreign authority to the court having jurisdiction to proceed on.
(2) In cases referred to in Article 509 paragraph 2 of the present Code, the Ministry of Internal Affairs shall transmit letters rogatory to the court through the Ministry of Justice.
(3) A court shall decide in accordance with a domestic law on admissibility and the manner of execution of an action requested by a letter rogatory.
(4) When a letter rogatory concerns a criminal offense for which, according to a domestic law, extradition is not permitted, the court shall request from the authority determined by a special regulation an opinion whether to proceed upon a letter rogatory.
1. States Parties shall, in accordance with the provisions of this Part and under procedures of national law, comply with requests by the Court to provide the following assistance in relation to investigations or prosecutions:
(k) The identification, tracing and freezing or seizure of proceeds, property and assets and instrumentalities of crimes for the purpose of eventual forfeiture, without prejudice to the rights of bona fide third parties; and
(l) Any other type of assistance which is not prohibited by the law of the requested State, with a view to facilitating the investigation and prosecution of crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court.
2. The Court shall have the authority to provide an assurance to a witness or an expert appearing before the Court that he or she will not be prosecuted, detained or subjected to any restriction of personal freedom by the Court in respect of any act or omission that preceded the departure of that person from the requested State.
3. Where execution of a particular measure of assistance detailed in a request presented under paragraph 1, is prohibited in the requested State on the basis of an existing fundamental legal principle of general application, the requested State shall promptly consult with the Court to try to resolve the matter. In the consultations, consideration should be given to whether the assistance can be rendered in another manner or subject to conditions. If after consultations the matter cannot be resolved, the Court shall modify the request as necessary.
4. In accordance with article 72, a State Party may deny a request for assistance, in whole or in part, only if the request concerns the production of any documents or disclosure of evidence which relates to its national security.
5. Before denying a request for assistance under paragraph 1 (l), the requested State shall consider whether the assistance can be provided subject to specified conditions, or whether the assistance can be provided at a later date or in an alternative manner, provided that if the Court or the Prosecutor accepts the assistance subject to conditions, the Court or the Prosecutor shall abide by them.
(a) The Court may request the temporary transfer of a person in custody for purposes of identification or for obtaining testimony or other assistance. The person may be transferred if the following conditions are fulfilled:
(i) The person freely gives his or her informed consent to the transfer; and
(ii) The requested State agrees to the transfer, subject to such conditions as that State and the Court may agree.
(b) The person being transferred shall remain in custody. When the purposes of the transfer have been fulfilled, the Court shall return the person without delay to the requested State.
(b) The requested State may, when necessary, transmit documents or information to the Prosecutor on a confidential basis. The Prosecutor may then use them solely for the purpose of generating new evidence.
(c) The requested State may, on its own motion or at the request of the Prosecutor, subsequently consent to the disclosure of such documents or information. They may then be used as evidence pursuant to the provisions of Parts 5 and 6 and in accordance with the Rules of Procedure and Evidence.
(i) In the event that a State Party receives competing requests, other than for surrender or extradition, from the Court and from another State pursuant to an international obligation, the State Party shall endeavour, in consultation with the Court and the other State, to meet both requests, if necessary by postponing or attaching conditions to one or the other request.
(b) Where, however, the request from the Court concerns information, property or persons which are subject to the control of a third State or an international organization by virtue of an international agreement, the requested States shall so inform the Court and the Court shall direct its request to the third State or international organization.
(a) The Court may, upon request, cooperate with and provide assistance to a State Party conducting an investigation into or trial in respect of conduct which constitutes a crime within the jurisdiction of the Court or which constitutes a serious crime under the national law of the requesting State.
(i) The assistance provided under subparagraph (a) shall include, inter alia:
a. The transmission of statements, documents or other types of evidence obtained in the course of an investigation or a trial conducted by the Court; and
b. The questioning of any person detained by order of the Court;
(ii) In the case of assistance under subparagraph (b) (i) a:
a. If the documents or other types of evidence have been obtained with the assistance of a State, such transmission shall require the consent of that State;
b. If the statements, documents or other types of evidence have been provided by a witness or expert, such transmission shall be subject to the provisions of article 68.
(c) The Court may, under the conditions set out in this paragraph, grant a request for assistance under this paragraph from a State which is not a Party to this Statute.