Enforcement of sentences of imprisonment


Criminal Procedure Act, 2004


Minimum period of imprisonment four days

313. No person may be sentenced by a court to imprisonment for a period of less than four days unless the sentence is that the person concerned be detained until the rising of the court.

Periodical imprisonment

314. (1) A court convicting a person of any offence, other than an offence in respect of which any law prescribes a minimum punishment, may, instead of any other punishment, sentence that person to undergo in accordance with the laws relating to prisons, periodical imprisonment for a period of not less than 100 hours and not more than 2 000 hours.

(2) (a) The court that imposes a sentence of periodical imprisonment on a person must cause to be served on that person a notice in writing directing that person to surrender himself or herself on a date and at a time specified in the notice or (if prevented from doing so by circumstances beyond his or her control) as soon as practicable thereafter, to the officer in charge of the place so specified, whether within or outside the area of jurisdiction of the court, for the purpose of undergoing such imprisonment.

(b) The court that tries a person on a charge of contravening subsection (4)(a) must, subject to subsection (5), cause a notice contemplated in paragraph (a) to be served on that person.

(3) A copy of the notice issued under subsection (2) serves as a warrant for the reception into custody of the convicted person by the officer referred to in paragraph (a) of that subsection.

(4) A person who -

(a) without sufficient cause fails to comply with a notice issued under subsection (2) ; or
(b) when surrendering himself or herself for the purpose of undergoing periodical imprisonment, is under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs or the like ; or
(c) impersonates or falsely represents himself or herself to be a person who has been directed to surrender himself or herself for the purpose of undergoing periodical imprisonment,
commits an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months.

(5) If, before the expiration of a sentence of periodical imprisonment imposed on a person for an offence, that person is undergoing a punishment of any other form of detention imposed by a court, a magistrate before whom that person is brought, must set aside the unexpired portion of the sentence of periodical imprisonment and, after considering the evidence recorded in respect of that offence, may impose instead of such unexpired portion any punishment within the limits of his or her jurisdiction and of any punishment prescribed by any law as a punishment for that offence.

Rome Statute

Article 103 Role of States in enforcement of sentences of imprisonment


(a) A sentence of imprisonment shall be served in a State designated by the Court from a list of States which have indicated to the Court their willingness to accept sentenced persons.

(b) At the time of declaring its willingness to accept sentenced persons, a State may attach conditions to its acceptance as agreed by the Court and in accordance with this Part.

(c) A State designated in a particular case shall promptly inform the Court whether it accepts the Court's designation.


(a) The State of enforcement shall notify the Court of any circumstances, including the exercise of any conditions agreed under paragraph 1, which could materially affect the terms or extent of the imprisonment. The Court shall be given at least 45 days' notice of any such known or foreseeable circumstances. During this period, the State of enforcement shall take no action that might prejudice its obligations under article 110.

(b) Where the Court cannot agree to the circumstances referred to in subparagraph (a), it shall notify the State of enforcement and proceed in accordance with article 104, paragraph 1.

3. In exercising its discretion to make a designation under paragraph 1, the Court shall take into account the following:

(a) The principle that States Parties should share the responsibility for enforcing sentences of imprisonment, in accordance with principles of equitable distribution, as provided in the Rules of Procedure and Evidence;

(b) The application of widely accepted international treaty standards governing the treatment of prisoners;

(c) The views of the sentenced person;

(d) The nationality of the sentenced person;

(e) Such other factors regarding the circumstances of the crime or the person sentenced, or the effective enforcement of the sentence, as may be appropriate in designating the State of enforcement.

4. If no State is designated under paragraph 1, the sentence of imprisonment shall be served in a prison facility made available by the host State, in accordance with the conditions set out in the headquarters agreement referred to in article 3, paragraph 2. In such a case, the costs arising out of the enforcement of a sentence of imprisonment shall be borne by the Court.

Article 105 Enforcement of the sentence

1. Subject to conditions which a State may have specified in accordance with article 103, paragraph 1 (b), the sentence of imprisonment shall be binding on the States Parties, which shall in no case modify it.

2. The Court alone shall have the right to decide any application for appeal and revision. The State of enforcement shall not impede the making of any such application by a sentenced person.