Refusal of ICC request - protection of national security


Austria - Extradition and Mutual Assistance (EN/DE) 1979 (2020)

General Provisions

General Reservation
ยง 2. A foreign request may only be complied if this does not violate public order or other essential interests of the Republic of Austria.

Austria - Federal Law on Cooperation with the ICC (EN) 2002

Part 1
General Provisions

9. Obligation to consult, and rejection of requests from the International Criminal Court
1. Matters arising shall be resolved through consultations with the International Criminal Court, in particular where the execution of a request from the International Criminal Court would:
(2) prejudice national security (articles 72 and 93(4) of the Statute)

Part 2
Specific provisions
Section 2

19. Disclosure and transmission of information affecting national security
1. (Constitutional provision) At the request of the International Criminal Court, judicial assistance shall be provided through the transmission of objects, documents or photocopies or by granting access to records.
2. Should the documents relate to national security, and in particular to military information, the International Criminal Court shall be consulted to ascertain whether the information can be provided by another source or in another form.
3. If the matter cannot be settled through the consultations in paragraph 2 above, the Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs, with the consent of the competent federal minister, prior to granting access to records or to the transmission of photocopies, shall check whether the interests of confidentiality significantly outweigh the interests of providing evidence for an international prosecution. Should that be the case, the International Criminal Court shall be asked for assurance of the maintenance of confidentiality and for details as to how it will be maintained.
4. The Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs shall, with the consent of the competent federal minister, check whether the assurance given as to maintaining confidentiality is to be deemed sufficient. Access to records or the transmission of photocopies is to be refused where confidentiality cannot be ensured and if there are concerns that disclosure could prejudice national security.
5. Paragraphs 2 to 4 above shall also apply where a person who has been called upon to provide information or evidence refuses to do so on the grounds that disclosure would prejudice national security.
6. Prior to being questioned on the basis of a request for judicial assistance from the International Criminal Court, a person shall be informed of his/her right to refuse to 8
answer in order to prevent the disclosure of confidential information relating to national security. This shall be noted in the record. The admissibility of the request for judicial assistance in such cases shall be decided upon in the light of paragraphs 2 to 4 above.

Part 2
Specific provisions
Section 2

20. Transmission of photocopies or information from third parties
Should the International Criminal Court seek judicial assistance such as the transmission of photocopies of documents or information which were given to Austria by another State or by an intergovernmental or international organisation subject to their confidentiality, such documents may only be transmitted to the International Criminal Court with their consent. The Court shall be informed of any refusal thereof.

Rome Statute

Article 93 Other forms of cooperation

4. In accordance with article 72, a State Party may deny a request for assistance, in whole or in part, only if the request concerns the production of any documents or disclosure of evidence which relates to its national security.