Admissibility challenge - ne bis in idem

Mauritius

International Criminal Court Act 2011

PART IV – ARREST AND SURRENDER OF PERSONS

15. Proceedings after arrest

(4)

(iv) the person concerned has already been tried for the conduct which led to the institution of the enquiry

(8) No order for the surrender of any person may be executed –

(a) before the period allowed for an appeal has expired, unless that person has waived his right of appeal in writing; or

(b) before such an appeal has been disposed of.

PART IV – ARREST AND SURRENDER OF PERSONS

15. Proceedings after arrest

(9) (a) Any person against whom an order has been issued under subsection (5) may, within 21 days of the date of the order, appeal against such order to the Supreme Court.
(b) On appeal, the Supreme Court may make such order in the matter as it may deem fit.
(c) No order for the surrender of any person may be executed –
(i) before the period allowed for an appeal has expired, unless that person has waived his right of appeal in writing; or
(ii) before such an appeal has been disposed of

Rome Statute

Article 19 Challenges to the jurisdiction of the Court or the admissibility of a case

2. Challenges to the admissibility of a case on the grounds referred to in article 17 or challenges to the jurisdiction of the Court may be made by:

(a) An accused or a person for whom a warrant of arrest or a summons to appear has been issued under article 58;

(b) A State which has jurisdiction over a case, on the ground that it is investigating or prosecuting the case or has investigated or prosecuted; or

(c) A State from which acceptance of jurisdiction is required under article 12.

Article 20 Ne bis in idem

1. Except as provided in this Statute, no person shall be tried before the Court with respect to conduct which formed the basis of crimes for which the person has been convicted or acquitted by the Court.

2. No person shall be tried by another court for a crime referred to in article 5 for which that person has already been convicted or acquitted by the Court.

3. No person who has been tried by another court for conduct also proscribed under article 6, 7, 8 or 8 bis shall be tried by the Court with respect to the same conduct unless the proceedings in the other court:

(a) Were for the purpose of shielding the person concerned from criminal responsibility for crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court; or

(b) Otherwise were not conducted independently or impartially in accordance with the norms of due process recognized by international law and were conducted in a manner which, in the circumstances, was inconsistent with an intent to bring the person concerned to justice.

Article 89 Surrender of persons to the Court

2. Where the person sought for surrender brings a challenge before a national court on the basis of the principle of ne bis in idem as provided in article 20, the requested State shall immediately consult with the Court to determine if there has been a relevant ruling on admissibility. If the case is admissible, the requested State shall proceed with the execution of the request. If an admissibility ruling is pending, the requested State may postpone the execution of the request for surrender of the person until the Court makes a determination on admissibility.