Enforcement of national penalties - fines

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Macedonia - Criminal Code 1996 (2009) EN



3.1. The aim of punishment, the types of punishments and conditions for pronouncing them


Article 38

(1) The fine shall be applied in the form of daily fines, where the number of the daily fines may not be less than five or more than 360 daily fines.

(2) The court shall specify the number of daily fines in accordance with the general rules for specifying the fine.

(3) the court shall determine the level of the daily fine having in mind the material and personal circumstances of the perpetrator, starting, as a rule, from the net daily actual or possible income of the perpetrator, as well as the family and other obligations of the perpetrator as well as the material situation of the perpetrator at the time of the passed judgment. The smallest amount of a daily fine may be the denar equivalent of one euro and the highest amount may be the denar equivalent of 5000 euros.

(4) The court decision shall contain the amount of the fine which may be obtained by multiplying the number of the daily fines with the specified amount of a single daily fine.

(5) For the purposes of determining the amount of the daily fine, the court may ask for reports from banks, financial and other institutions, state authorities and legal entities, which shall be obligated to submit the requested reports and can not invoke the principle of a trade or any other secret.

(6) In the case when the fine is applied as a secondary sentence in addition to an imprisonment sentence, the court shall determine the monetary amount, without applying the provisions stipulated in paragraphs 1 to 5. The monetary fine, if applied as a secondary fine, may not be less than the denar equivalent of 20 euros, nor more than the denar equivalent of 5000 euros.

Collection of a monetary fine

Article 38-a

(1) The judgment shall specify the deadline for payment of the fine, which may not be shorter than 15 days nor longer than three months. However, in certain justified cases the court may allow the defendant to pay the fine in installments, provided that the time period for the payment of the entire fine is not longer than two years. If the perpetrator is a foreign person the court shall specify the fine to be paid without any delay or its payment to be secured in another way.

(2) If the defendant fails to pay the fine within the specified time period, the court may specify a different time period or, if the court determines that the defendant does not want to pay the fine, to order a forced collection of the fine applying a procedure specified by law. If the provision of a new time period, which may not be longer than three months, or the forced collection prove unsuccessful, the court may act as follows : for each unpaid installment it may specify one day imprisonment or, when the fine has been applied as a secondary sentence, for every started denar equivalents of 20 euros, the court may specify one day imprisonment, provided that the total time of imprisonment may not be longer than six months.

(3) If the defendant pays only a part of the fine, the rest will proportionally be transformed into imprisonment time, and if the defendant pays the remainder of the fine, the imprisonment shall be terminated.

(4) After the death of the defendant the fine shall no longer be enforced.

Rome Statute

Article 109 Enforcement of fines and forfeiture measures

1. States Parties shall give effect to fines or forfeitures ordered by the Court under Part 7, without prejudice to the rights of bona fide third parties, and in accordance with the procedure of their national law.

2. If a State Party is unable to give effect to an order for forfeiture, it shall take measures to recover the value of the proceeds, property or assets ordered by the Court to be forfeited, without prejudice to the rights of bona fide third parties.

3. Property, or the proceeds of the sale of real property or, where appropriate, the sale of other property, which is obtained by a State Party as a result of its enforcement of a judgement of the Court shall be transferred to the Court.