Temporary transfer of persons in custody for purposes of identification or for obtaining testimony or other forms of assistance - national procedures for ICC proceedings

Japan

Japan - ICC Cooperation Act 2007 EN

Chapter II Cooperation with the International Criminal Court

Section 2 Provision of Evidence, etc.

Subsection 3 Transfer of a Sentenced Inmate for Testimony, etc.

(Decision, etc. on the Transfer of a Sentenced Inmate for Testimony, etc.)
Article 17 (1) Where the Minister of Justice has received documents sent by the Minister of Foreign Affairs pursuant to the provisions of Article 4 concerning a request for cooperation through the transfer of a sentenced inmate for testimony, etc., when the case neither falls under Article 6, paragraph (1), item (iv) nor falls under any of the following items, and when the Minister of Justice finds it reasonable to comply with the request, he/she shall make an affirmative decision to transfer the sentenced inmate for testimony, etc., setting a period not to exceed thirty days during which the transfer of the domestic sentenced inmate will be in effect:

(i) when the domestic sentenced inmate does not consent in writing;
(ii) when the domestic sentenced inmate is under the age of 20; or
(iii) when a case connected with the crime committed by the domestic sentenced inmate is pending before a Japanese court.

(2) Where the Minister of Justice makes the affirmative decision set forth in the preceding paragraph, when he/she finds it necessary, he/she shall set conditions concerning the transfer of the sentenced inmate for testimony, etc.

(3) When the Minister of Justice decides not to effect the transfer of a sentenced inmate for testimony, etc. on finding that it is unreasonable to comply with the request set forth in paragraph (1), or when he/she sets the conditions set forth in the preceding paragraph, the Minister of Justice shall consult with the Minister of Foreign Affairs in advance.

(4) The provisions of Article 19, paragraph (3) of the Act on International Assistance in Investigations and Other Related Matters shall apply mutatis mutandis to a case in which the decision set forth in paragraph (1) has been made.


(Measures Concerning the Surrender of a Domestically Sentenced Inmate, etc.)
Article 18 (1) When the Minister of Justice has issued an order under the provisions of Article 19, paragraph (3) of the Act on International Assistance in Investigations and Other Related Matters as applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to paragraph (4) of the preceding Article, he/she shall send a written permit of custody to the Minister of Foreign Affairs.

(2) When the Minister of Foreign Affairs has been sent a permit of custody under the provisions of the preceding paragraph, he/she shall immediately send the same to the ICC.

(3) The warden of a penal institution who has been issued the order prescribed in paragraph (1) or an official of the penal institution who has been nominated by that warden shall promptly escort the domestic sentenced inmate to the place designated by the ICC, and shall surrender said domestic sentenced inmate to the person designated by the ICC who is in possession of the permit of custody.

(4) The provisions of Articles 21 and 22 of the Act on International Assistance in Investigations and Other Related Matters shall apply mutatis mutandis to a domestic sentenced inmate with regard to his/her surrender, pursuant to the provisions of the preceding paragraph, to the person designated by the ICC. In this case, the "transfer of a sentenced inmate for testimony" in Article 21 of said Act shall be deemed to be replaced with "transfer of a sentenced inmate for testimony, etc. as prescribed in Article 2, item (vii) of the Act on Cooperation with the International Criminal Court."

Japan - International Assistance Act 1980 (2006) EN

Chapter III Transfer of a Sentenced Inmate for Testimony Regarding a Domestic Sentenced Inmate

Article 19 (Decision of Transfer of a Sentenced Inmate for Testimony)

(1) When the requesting country, in accordance with a treaty, requests the transfer of a sentenced inmate for testimony regarding a domestic sentenced inmate (hereinafter refers to a person who is confined in Japan for execution of a sentence of imprisonment with or without work, or of an assistance punishment set forth in item (ii) of Article 2 of the Act on the Transnational Transfer of Sentenced Persons (Act No. 66 of 2002)), the Minister of Justice shall make a decision of transfer of
the sentenced inmate for testimony with a fixed period for transfer of the domestic sentenced inmate, if neither item (i) nor (ii) of Article 2, nor any of the following (with respect to cases where the Minister of Justice receives a request for assistance in accordance with the proviso of paragraph (1) of Article 3, neither item (i) nor (ii) of Article 2, item (i) of Article 4, nor any of the following) applies, and where the Minister of Justice deems it appropriate to honor the request:

(i) When the domestic sentenced inmate does not consent in writing;

(ii) When the domestic sentenced inmate is under the age of 20;

(iii) When the requested period for transfer of the domestic sentenced inmate exceeds 30 days;

(iv) When a case regarding a crime that the domestic sentenced inmate has committed is pending in a Japanese court.

(2) The provisions of paragraphs (5) and (6) of Article 14, and paragraph (1) of Article 16 shall be applied mutatis mutandis to where a request for transfer of a sentenced inmate regarding a domestic sentenced inmate has been made. Any technical provisions for such application shall be set forth in a Cabinet order.

(3) The Minister of Justice shall, when having made the decision set forth in paragraph (1), order the warden of the penal institution in which the domestic sentenced inmate is imprisoned to hand over the inmate in accordance with the decision, and shall notify the domestic sentenced inmate to such effect.


Article 20 (Measures Relating to a Handover)

(1) The Minister of Justice shall send a permit of custody, to the Minister of Foreign Affairs when having made the order pursuant to paragraph (3) of Article 19.

(2) The Minister of Foreign Affairs, upon receipt of the permit of custody in accordance with the preceding paragraph, shall send it to the requesting country immediately.

(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding two paragraphs, when the Minister of Justice receives a request for assistance pursuant to the proviso of paragraph (1) of Article 3, the sending of the permit of custody to the requesting party shall be done by the Minister of Justice.

(4) The warden of the penal institution who has received the order set forth in paragraph (3) of Article 19 shall, when an official of the requesting country requests handover of the domestic sentenced inmate by showing a permit of custody, hand over the domestic sentenced inmate.

(5) The official of the requesting country who has received the handover of the domestic sentenced inmate in accordance with the provision in the preceding paragraph shall promptly escort the domestic sentenced inmate to the requesting country.


Article 21 (Treatment of the Period of Transfer of a Domestic Sentenced Inmate)

The period for which a domestic sentenced inmate has been made subject to the transfer of a sentenced inmate for testimony (excluding the period in which the inmate was not detained) shall be deemed as a period served for the purpose of execution of the sentence.


Article 22 (Special Provision to the Act on Penal Detention Facilities and Treatment of Inmates and
Detainees)

(1) With regard to the application of the Act on Penal Detention Facilities and Treatment of Inmates and Detainees (Act No. 50 of 2005), Article 52, paragraph (1) of Article 53 (including the cases where it is applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to paragraph (6) of Article 132 of the Act), paragraph (2) of Article 53, paragraph (1) of Article 85, paragraphs (1), (2) and (4) of Article 98, paragraph (4) of Article 100, paragraphs (3), (5) and (7) of Article 132, paragraph (1) of Article 164 (including the cases where it is applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to paragraph (3) of Article 165 of the Act), paragraph (3) of Article 166 (including the cases where it is applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to paragraph (4) of Article 167 and paragraph (4) of Article 168 of the Act), Articles 171, 174 and 175, the handover of a domestic sentenced inmate to an official of the requesting country pursuant to the provision of paragraph (4) of Article 20 shall not be deemed to be a release.

(2) Article 54 (except for items (ii) and (iii) of paragraph (1)), Article 55, paragraph (5) of Article 98 (limited to the part pertaining to item (i)), Article 99, paragraphs (4) to (7) inclusive of Article 132 and Article 176 of the Act on Penal Detention Facilities and Treatment of Inmates and Detainees shall apply mutatis mutandis to the personal effects left behind, remuneration, prohibited or suspended correspondence, or reproduction of the deleted or erased part of correspondence, in the case of a domestic sentenced inmate, who has been handed over to an official of the requesting country pursuant to paragraph (4) of Article 20, escaping or dying. In this case, the term "any of the items in paragraph (1) of Article 54" in paragraph (5), item (ii) and paragraph (7) of Article 132 of the Act shall be deemed to be replaced with "paragraph (1), item (i) of Article 54," and the term "paragraph (1) of Article 54" in paragraph (6) of Article 132 shall be deemed to be replaced with "paragraph (1) of Article 54 (except for items (ii) and (iii))."

Rome Statute

Article 93 Other forms of cooperation

1. States Parties shall, in accordance with the provisions of this Part and under procedures of national law, comply with requests by the Court to provide the following assistance in relation to investigations or prosecutions:

(f) The temporary transfer of persons as provided in paragraph 7;

7.

(a) The Court may request the temporary transfer of a person in custody for purposes of identification or for obtaining testimony or other assistance. The person may be transferred if the following conditions are fulfilled:

(i) The person freely gives his or her informed consent to the transfer; and

(ii) The requested State agrees to the transfer, subject to such conditions as that State and the Court may agree.

(b) The person being transferred shall remain in custody. When the purposes of the transfer have been fulfilled, the Court shall return the person without delay to the requested State.