Admissibility challenge - ne bis in idem

Federal Republic of Germany

Germany - Cooperation with ICC 2002 EN

Part 2 Surrender of Persons

§ 3 Requests for Surrender and Earlier Criminal Proceedings Before the Court or in a Foreign State
(relating to Article 89 para. 2 sentence 1 of the Rome Statute)

During the surrender proceedings, if the suspect makes a statement that he has already been convicted or acquitted by the Court or a court in another state of the criminal act that is the basis of the surrender request from the Court, the office to which the statement was made by the suspect, notwithstanding § 68 para. sentence 3 and 4, shall immediately inform the public prosecution office attached to the Higher Regional Court. The Higher Regional Court shall temporarily stay the surrender proceedings in accordance with Article 89 para. 2 sentence 3 of the Rome Statute, until the Court reaches a decision regarding permissibility. The suspect will not be surrendered when the Court rules that the implementation of a criminal proceeding is not permissible.

Rome Statute

Article 19 Challenges to the jurisdiction of the Court or the admissibility of a case

2. Challenges to the admissibility of a case on the grounds referred to in article 17 or challenges to the jurisdiction of the Court may be made by:

(a) An accused or a person for whom a warrant of arrest or a summons to appear has been issued under article 58;

(b) A State which has jurisdiction over a case, on the ground that it is investigating or prosecuting the case or has investigated or prosecuted; or

(c) A State from which acceptance of jurisdiction is required under article 12.

Article 20 Ne bis in idem

1. Except as provided in this Statute, no person shall be tried before the Court with respect to conduct which formed the basis of crimes for which the person has been convicted or acquitted by the Court.

2. No person shall be tried by another court for a crime referred to in article 5 for which that person has already been convicted or acquitted by the Court.

3. No person who has been tried by another court for conduct also proscribed under article 6, 7, 8 or 8 bis shall be tried by the Court with respect to the same conduct unless the proceedings in the other court:

(a) Were for the purpose of shielding the person concerned from criminal responsibility for crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court; or

(b) Otherwise were not conducted independently or impartially in accordance with the norms of due process recognized by international law and were conducted in a manner which, in the circumstances, was inconsistent with an intent to bring the person concerned to justice.

Article 89 Surrender of persons to the Court

2. Where the person sought for surrender brings a challenge before a national court on the basis of the principle of ne bis in idem as provided in article 20, the requested State shall immediately consult with the Court to determine if there has been a relevant ruling on admissibility. If the case is admissible, the requested State shall proceed with the execution of the request. If an admissibility ruling is pending, the requested State may postpone the execution of the request for surrender of the person until the Court makes a determination on admissibility.