Cooperation with and assistence to Court in or outside South Africa
Judicial assistance to court (ss 14-32)
14 Areas of cooperation and judicial assistance
The relevant competent authorities in the Republic must, subject to the domestic law of the Republic and the Statute, cooperate with, and render assistance to, the Court in relation to investigations and prosecutions in the following areas:
(h) the execution of searches and seizures
COOPERATION WITH AND ASSISTANCE TO COURT IN OR OUTSIDE SOUTH AFRICA (ss 8-32)
Judicial assistance to court (ss 14-32)
30 Entry, search and seizure
(1) The Court or the Prosecutor of the Court must submit any request for assistance in the entering and searching of premises, the search of a person and the seizure of a book, document or object that has a bearing on a crime or an offence committed within the jurisdiction of the Court, to the Central Authority in writing.
(2) The request must contain sufficient information under oath or by way of affirmation that there are reasonable grounds for believing that the entry, search or seizure of the book, document or object has a bearing on a crime or an offence committed within the jurisdiction of the Court and that an investigation or prosecution in respect thereof is being conducted by the Prosecutor of the Court.
(3) On receipt of such request, the Central Authority must forward the request to the National Commissioner of the South African Police Service or a person designated by him or her for that purpose, with a view to obtaining the necessary warrant required in the circumstances.
(4) A magistrate or judge of a High Court may, if it appears to such magistrate or judge from the information submitted that there are reasonable grounds for believing that any book, document or object which has a bearing on the investigation or prosecution concerned, is in the possession or under the control of any person or on or in any premises within such magistrate's or judge's area of jurisdiction, issue the necessary warrant required in the circumstances.
(5) The warrant must clearly specify the acts which may be performed thereunder by the police officer to whom it was issued.
(6) The warrant remains valid until-
(a) it is executed;
(b) it is cancelled by the person who issued it or by any person with similar authority;
(c) the expiry of three months from the date of its issue; or
(d) the purpose for which the warrant was issued no longer exists,
whichever may occur first.
(7) A police officer must, immediately before executing the warrant-
(a) identify himself or herself to the person referred to in the warrant or the owner or person in control of the premises, if such person is present;
(b) hand to such person a copy of the warrant or, if the person is not present, affix that copy to a prominent place on the premises; and
(c) supply such person at his or her request with particulars regarding his or her authority to execute the warrant.
(8) An entry, search and seizure under this section must be-
(a) conducted with strict regard to decency and order, including the protection of a person's right to dignity, freedom, security and privacy; and
(b) executed by day unless the execution thereof by night is justifiable and necessary.
(9) The seizure of a book, document or object under this section must be effected by removing it from the premises concerned or, if that removal is not reasonably practicable, by sealing or otherwise safeguarding it on or in the premises.
(10) A police officer who may under this section enter and search any premises-
(a) must, immediately before the entry, audibly demand admission to the premises and make known the purpose of the entry and search, unless there are reasonable grounds for believing that a book, document or object in respect of which the search is being conducted, may be destroyed, disposed of or tampered with if that admission is first demanded and that purpose is made known;
(b) may use the force that is reasonably necessary to overcome resistance to the entry or search or the seizure of a book, document or object under this section;
(c) may utilize or request the assistance of any person to identify any book, document or object which has a bearing on the alleged crime or offence or to conduct the entry or search or the seizure of any book, document or object under this section.
(11) A person from whose possession or control a book, document or object has been removed under this section may, at his or her own expense and under the supervision of a police officer, make copies thereof or excerpts therefrom.
(12) A police officer who removes a book, document or object from any premises under this section must issue a receipt to the person who is the owner or in possession or in control thereof or, if that person is not present, affix it to a prominent place on the premises.
(13) If, during the conduct of a search or the carrying out of a seizure under this section, a person claims that a book, document or object found on or in the premises contains privileged information and refuses the examination or removal of the book, document or object, the police officer conducting the search or carrying out the seizure must, if he or she is of the opinion that the book, document or object contains information which has a bearing on the alleged crime or offence, seize the book, document or object and submit it to the registrar of the High Court having jurisdiction for safe custody until a court of law has made a ruling on the question whether the information is privileged or not.
(14) If the information is found not to be privileged, the book, document or object seized under this section must be handed over to the Court or Prosecutor of the Court, as the case may be.
(15) If criminal proceedings, in respect of which a book, document or object has been seized under this section, are not instituted within a reasonable time after the seizure or, if it appears that the book, document or object is not required in criminal proceedings for the purposes of evidence or an order of the Court, the Central Authority must request the Court or Prosecutor of the Court to return such book, document or object to the person from whom it was seized.
(16) Any person who-
(a) obstructs or hinders a police officer or any other person in the performance of his or her functions in terms of this section;
(b) when he or she is asked for information or an explanation relating to a matter within his or her knowledge, refuses or fails to give that information or explanation or gives information or an explanation which is false or misleading, knowing it to be false or misleading,
is guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 15 years or to both such fine and such imprisonment.
1. States Parties shall, in accordance with the provisions of this Part and under procedures of national law, comply with requests by the Court to provide the following assistance in relation to investigations or prosecutions: